Armenian carpets from the past and the present part 2
According to Marco Polo, who lived in the 13th century, the Armenians and Greeks who resided on Asia Minor's western coast, produced the world's finest carpets.
The Armenian Rugs Society was established in 1980 to find as many rugs with Armenian inscriptions as possible and classify them based on design and technical analysis. Sheep, naturally occurring plant materials for dyes, and the most significant metal salts, copper, tin, and alum, from the volcanic soil, all contributed to the synthesis of the essential mordants that stabilized the dyes.
The mission of the Armenian Rugs Society, founded in 1980, was to find as many rugs as possible with Armenian inscriptions and categorize them according to design and technical analysis. It would be reasonable to assume that similar rugs without inscriptions should be attributed to Armenian craftsmanship if several rugs of a particular type were discovered to have Armenian inscriptions.
Armenian rugs of Artsakh
Carpets from Karabakh are unique compared to others; they are a distinctive variety and are very well-liked. One of the famous symbols of Karabakh carpets is a medallion. Most likely, this symbol originates from the posters of popular Armenian princes. Another common symbol is a crowned bull, which in ancient times was a very revered animal.
In 2013, Karabakh saw the establishment of the "Karabakh Carpet" company, which creates handcrafted carpets in the traditional Artsakh style.
The "Karabakh Carpet" company, which manufactures traditional Artsakh handmade carpets, was established in Karabakh in 2013.
How can Caucasian rugs be distinguished?
The pattern cannot be used to classify Caucasian rugs in the same way that it can be with Persian and Turkish rugs. Rug patterns were widely dispersed and inexorably copied because rugs were frequently traded throughout the area. To identify and classify Caucasian rugs, their construction must be examined. This includes the variance in the colour of the warp, the arrangements of the strands, the dyed colour of the weft, the way the ends are finished, the way the sides are bound, and the quality of the wool (i.e., coarseness vs. luster).
Given that they are consistent with motifs found in Armenian manuscripts and relief sculptures on Armenian churches and monasteries, these animal figures and crosses are thought to have a religious significance. The cross shapes, human figures, and geometric bird and animal figures found in many of the inscribed Armenian rugs are uncommon in non-Armenian rugs. These animal figures and crosses are believed to have a religious significance, as they are consistent with motifs seen in Armenian manuscripts and relief sculptures on Armenian churches and monasteries.
The inscribed Karabakh rugs frequently make use of red cochineal dye, which has been proven to be made by Armenians.