A unique form of art developed over the last five millennia in which the Armenian people lived on the Armenian Highland. Architecture and miniature painting have dominated it and have shown consistent development over the centuries.
Other art forms include sculpture, fresco, mosaic, ceramic, metalwork, engraving, and textiles, especially Armenian carpets as Armenians specialized in arts and crafts such as carpet-weaving.
Prehistoric Armenia was home to the Urartu culture in the Iron Age, notable for its early metal sculptures, often of animals.
The Armenians adopted Christianity very early, and developed their own version of Eastern Christian art, with much use of icons, Armenian miniatures in books, and the very original architecture of their churches and monasteries. A distinctive Armenian feature, which may have influenced the Medieval art of Europe, was the popularity from early on of figurative relief carvings on the outside of churches, unknown in Byzantium.
The study of Armenian Art
The study began in the early 20th century. Notable scholars of Armenian art were Catholicos Garegin Hovsepian and professor Sirarpie Der Nerséssian. Recently, Jean-Michel Thierry and Professor Dickran Kouymjian are prominent scholars of Armenian art.
Music and dance
Armenian music consisted of Armenian Church music and folk songs that were based on an indigenous tonal system (Tetrachords) as opposed to the European tonal system.
Native Armenian dance is one of the oldest practices of the inhabitants of the region. Armenian dance is even depicted in some of the ancient paintings on rocks.