Argishti I the king of Urartu

Argishti I -Alternate transliterations of the name include Argishtis, Argisti, Argišti, and Argishtish- was the sixth known king of Urartu, reigning from 786 BC to 764 BC -He was the son and the successor of Menua, and was succeeded by his son Sarduri II- founded the citadel of Erebuni in 782 BC, which is the present capital of Armenia, Yerevan, and the fortress of Argishtikhinili in 776 BC.

He continued the series of conquests initiated by his predecessors. He was involved in several inconclusive conflicts with the Assyrian king Shalmaneser IV. He conquered the northern part of Syria and made Urartu the most powerful state in post-Hittite Asia Minor. He also expanded his kingdom north to Lake Sevan, conquering much of Diauehi and the Ararat Valley.

Urartian culture

Even though the Urartian culture was based on Mesopotamian culture, some people believe that Urartu’s architecture is superior to that of the Assyrians because it replaces the monotonous mud-brick facades of the southern plains and valleys with a pattern of crenellated stone towers and buttresses that are tailored to the natural beauty of a rocky landscape. The excavation of numerous Anatolian cities, including Karmirblur and Arin Berd, two fortress cities in Armenia, has also uncovered some distinctive Urartian architectural elements, most notably a typical temple design that included square, tower-like structures that predated the temple-towers of Achaemenian times in Persia.

Urartu grew to the west and southwest, eventually sharing a border with Phrygia in northern Anatolia and establishing hegemony over the Luwians.As a result, Urartu posed a significant threat to Assyria’s northern border. The Urartian kings Argishti I (780–756) and Sarduri II (755–735) conquered Kustaspi, king of Kummuhu (Commagene), and forced him to pay tribute around 745. Argishti I also subdued Milid. Asti-Ruwas the King of Carchemish ruled during the Assyrian Empire’s period of weakness.

However, he is not mentioned in the Assyrian documentation, which is also lacking for the two generations after him. His existence is only known from a few Hieroglyphic Luwian texts. It is believed that a “guardian” named Yariris (previously known as Araras), who was once thought to be a usurper, reared and protected the sons of Asti-Ruwas. In the introduction to one of his texts, Yariris emphasizes his diplomatic relations with the Mysians (on the northwest coast of Anatolia), the Muski (Phrygians), and the “Syrians” (either Aramaeans or Urartians), who are all unmistakably the states of Egypt and Babylon. He claims to be fluent in 12 languages and four writing systems, including Hieroglyphic Luwian, “Syrian” (either Aramaic or Uralic), Assyrian cuneiform, and “Taiman,” a currently unidentified writing system. All of this suggests a proactive foreign policy in a world that, despite political and linguistic differences, is united in essence.


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Ahmed Ibrahim

Full-fledged Content Creator & Tech Journalist. Worked previously with top publishers like AkhbarTech, Abda Adv, and RobbReportArabia.